History of Batik Tulungagung
The history of batik in Indonesia is closely linked with the development and dissemination of the Majapahit empire of Islam in Java. In some records, the development of batik is a lot to do in times of Mataram Kingdom, then on the work of Solo and Yogyakarta.
So the art of batik in Indonesia has known since the days of the Majapahit kingdom and growing to the kingdom and the subsequent kings. As for starting the spread of this batik art belongs to the people of Indonesia and Java in particular tribe is after the end of the century or the beginning of XVIII-XIX century. Produced batik batik is all until the early twentieth century and printed batik is known only after the world wars or the unity out around 1920. The connection with the spread of Islamic teachings. Many areas in Java batik centers are areas Batik students and then become a tool of economic perjaungan by figures pedangan Muslims against the Dutch economy.
Batik art is the artistic image on the fabric for clothing that becomes one of cultural keluaga Indonesian kings of antiquity. Batik was originally done only in the courts only limited and the results for the clothing of kings and their families and their followers. Because many of the followers of the king who lived outside the palace, the art of batik was brought by the palace and carried them out in place of each.
Over time this batik art imitated by the people nearest and subsequently expanded into the job of women in the household to fill his spare time. Furthermore, batik clothing was only the royal family, then became a popular folk clothes, both women and men. White fabric that is used when it is the result of homespun.
Medium coloring materials used consist of plants native to Indonesia who made their own from among others: noni tree, height, perch, soga, indigo, and materials made from soda ash soda, as well as salts made from mud.
Batik has become the kingdom of culture Majahit, pat traced in Mojokerto and Tulung Court. Mojoketo are areas closely related to the Majapahit kingdom during the first and the origin of the name have anything to do with Majapahit Majokerto. Relation to the development of batik developed in Tulung Great Majapahit is the history of batik development of this area, can be extracted from the relics of the era of the Majapahit kingdom. At that time the area is partly composed of Tulungagung swamps in the history of the area known as Bonorowo, which at the time of Majapahit bekembangnya area controlled by a Duke benama Kalang, and did not surrender to the kingdom of Majapahit.
Told that the police actions waged by Majapahati, Duke Kalang allegedly killed in the fighting around the village which is now reportedly named Kalangbret (located in District Kauman Tulungagung District). Thus, the officers and soldiers who settled keluara Majapahit kingdom and lived in the territory which is now named Bonorowo or Tulungagung among others also bring original art to make batik.
Local batik is now available in Kwali in Mojokerto, Mojosari, Betero and Sidomulyo. Outside the Mojokerto regency is in Jombang. At the end of XIX century there were several people batik known in Mojokerto, the materials used at that time white cloth woven by himself and drugs from soga jambal batik, noni, indigo tom, height and so forth.
Drugs known abroad the new postwar world of unity which are sold by Chinese traders in Mojokerto. Batik is known along with the entry of drugs from abroad batik. Cap made in Bangil and entrepreneurs can buy batik Mojokerto Porong market in Sidoarjo, this Porong Market before the world economic crisis known as the bustling market, where the results of production and Jetis Sidoarjo batik Kedungcangkring lot sale. Time of economic crisis, batik entrepreneurs participate Mojoketo paralyzed, because most small entrepreneurs business. Batik events arising after the crisis go back to Japan's entry into Indonesia, and the time the Japanese occupation of batik activities paralyzed again. Batik activity appears again after the revolution which has become a regional Mojokerto occupation.
A typical characteristic of batik Kalangbret (Tulungagung) from Mojokerto is almost equal to the output of batik-batik of Yogyakarta, which is basically white and brown 's type and color of dark blue. In Tulungagung known since more than a century ago in the village of batik place Majan and Simo. The village also has a history as a relic from the war era Prince Diponegoro in 1825.
Although batik is known since antiquity Majapahait but batik development began to spread rapidly since the region of Surakarta, Central Java and Yogyakarta, at the time of the kingdom in this region. It appears that the development of batik in Mojokerto and subsequent Supreme Tulung more influenced style batik in Solo and Yogyakarta.
In the clash between the Dutch colonial army with the troops of Prince Diponegoro, then some of the Kyai Mojo troops withdrew towards the east and until now the Majan. Since the Dutch colonial period until the time of independence is the status of rural villages Merdikan Majan (Special Region), and the village head of a chaplain whose status-temurun.Pembuatan Uirun Majan batik is an instinct (relic) of the art of making batik Diponegoro war era.
Color babaran Majan and Simo batik is unique because babarannya bright red color (from noni skin) and other colors from tom. As a batik Setra since time immemorial village area is also famous Sembung, which batik entrepreneurs mostly from Tulungagung Sala coming in at the end of XIX century. Only now there are still some families who settled batik from Sala Sembung area. Apart from the proficiency level in these places there are also areas of batik in Psychology and also a couple in Kediri, but the nature of some of the batik craft and household babarannya batik.
Source: [Quoted from the book 20 Years GKBI]